The Canary Islands have the trade winds, winds that shape the climate of the Islands throughout the Atlantic Ocean. The trade winds are the winds that helped Columbus reach America and allow the Canary Islands environment to be kept clean and with a constant breeze that regulates temperatures and makes them cooler throughout the year.
The unequal heating that the sun exerts on different areas of the earth causes air masses with different temperatures to move trying to find an equilibrium situation. This inequality in the thermal distribution creates a large-scale circulation, the general air circulation.
Trade winds blow relatively steadily in summer and less in winter. They circulate between the tropics, from 30-35º of latitude towards the equator. They are directed from high subtropical pressures, to low equatorial pressures.
The movement of rotation of the earth causes these winds generated in the north-south direction and vice versa to change direction and thus the trade winds that are directed from the north to the equator change due to the effect of rotation of the earth to be northeast winds, This is the effect known as the coriolis force that turns the meteorological phenomena to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere.
Trade winds are constant winds that blow from the NE in the northern hemisphere and from the SE in the southern hemisphere. They have an average of strength 3 to 4 in summer and a little higher in winter. Its associated time is generally pleasant, blue skies with cotton clusters.
Gran Canaria and the Canary Islands in general are ideal places for marine sports, being a permanent base for athletes specializing in windsurfing, gliders, flight without motor, skatesurf and all kinds of surfers in general.